April 12 2022
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Happy Cosmonautics Day! Many innovations came to our everyday life from the space industry: Teflon, smoke detectors, water filters. What is going to be next? We made a list of AI-based technologies that help astronauts. Which of them will come to our daily life tomorrow?
CIMON (Crew Interactive Mobile Companion) is a robotic assistant of the International Space Station crew. It is spherical, its weight is 5 kilograms, and it was fully made using a 3D printer. It moves around the station in zero gravity with the help of built-in engines. Its task is to communicate with astronauts. The robot can recognize human emotions and faces, shows films, reads books and answers any questions of the crew due to a self-learning neural network.
IBM Watson is a supercomputer which is famous for defeating human Jeopardy! Champions. It specializes in understanding questions in natural language and answering them. IBM tries to adapt this development for space.
AI will perform a quick search for answers in databases, and help people make decisions. For instance, it will give advice to pilots, send reports to the mission control center, find places where an emergency occurred based on system data.
Hibernation means the state when physiological processes in an organism are made slower: temperature, heart rate and metabolism. Artificial sleep of astronauts will reduce consumption of oxygen and food during long-haul flights. AI will control routine operations, make decisions in abnormal situations, like in the film “Passengers”. European Space Agency is conducting research in this sphere.
This is the issue studied at the Translational Research Institute for Space Health (TRISH). The main problems caused by being in zero gravity conditions for a long time are loss of muscle mass and bone loss. To control these processes, researchers suggest that a system of 3D scanners be placed in a crew cabin. These scanners will make 3D images of astronauts every day. Then these images will be processed by a neural network, and it will report adverse changes.
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